Kanban. More of a tool than a philosophy. It takes its name from the Japanese word meaning sign or card. Kanban is related to JIT, but is in fact the means through which JIT is managed to form a “pull” system. This “pull” system ensures that product is provided to each customer on time and in the amount needed. This is accomplished with kanban cards visibly displayed with what is needed, when it’s needed and how much is needed. Benefits of this process are reduction in work-in-process, less space and lower cost of waste due to less inventory.